Many of us might be already aware about what an IP address is, while some of us would still want to know. So before we learn about IP address first get a little bit knowledge of DHCP, which stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.
DHCP is basically a host server or a router which gives IP addresses to devices. This is done so that they can easily communicate with host server as well as with all connected devices over a network.
DHCP is consistent, accurate and works the same for every computer. However, each system is identified via a unique IP address that DHCP provides. So, via IP address you will be able to receive the information you requested.
Why Assign a Static IP Address?
Since your home network might not use a fixed IP address, there might be some discrepancies in the information that you requested from the internet. The best way to ensure that you receive exact or relevant information is by assigning a static or fixed IP address on your computer.
Procedure to Assign Static IP Address in Windows 7, Windows 8 or Windows 10
- First of all, click on Smart Menu to open Control Panel.
- Now click on “Network and Internet” option and select the “Network and Sharing Center” option from the list.
- A new window will open-up; click on ‘Change adapter settings’ on the left to view all available and active connections.
- Once you see the list of all Network Connections, so now right-click on the network connection you want to connect your system with and then choose properties from the list.
- In the Networking tab, you will see “Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4)” option in the list. Just right-click on it and again click on Properties option.
- Finally, the settings screen will be open where you can assign a static IP address.
- Select “Use the following IP address” and enter the IP address, Subnet Mask, Default Gateway and DNS server.
- To exit, click on “OK” button and close the Local Area Connection properties window.
Procedure to Assign Static IP Address in Mac (OS X)
If you are a Mac User and want to create or use a new network location, then follow the following steps that allow you to use static IP address for specific networks. Simply follow the instructions as given below –
- Open Apple Menu and select System Preferences.
- Now select the network and a new window open right in front of you.
- On the side-bar, various options are given like Wi-Fi, Ethernet, Fire Wire, iPhone USB and so on. Select an active network interface you wish to connect with and choose options.
- Now click on Advanced button located at the bottom right corner.
- This will open up another new window. Once the window appears click on the TCP/IP tab.
- From the Configure IPv4 menu, you will see various options in the drop down. From the various options select ‘Manually’. Although this option is active by default in Windows, you must activate it on Mac.
- Now type IPv4 Address and it will automatically determine the subnet mask and router.
- Now click on “OK” button and then click on “Apply” option to exit.
Congratulations, you have successfully assigned a static IP address on your system. Enjoy smoother browsing and more relevant results when you use the internet. Static IP addresses are also great for creating lag-free online gaming experience.